Siva Temple, Kunniparamba, Mavoor Calicut taluk, Malabar district


Siva Temple, Kunniparamba, Calicut taluk, Malabar district

Siva Temple, Kunniparamba, Calicut taluk, Malabar district


Wayanad is the prime source for prehistoric findings in Indian archeology


Wayanad is the prime source for prehistoric findings in Indian archeology
A new prehistoric rock art site has been discovered at Kappikunnu near Pulppally in Wayanad
The engravings resemble the ones at Edakkal caves

Four figures ( one of two deer facing each other, and three abstract ones ) have been found engraved on a huge chunk of rock.

We are getting more evidence that Wayanad is the prime source for prehistoric findings in Indian archeology. According to available details, we are far ahead of Harappan /Mohenjedaro civilisation of 3000 BC. Edakkal inscriptions are as old as 5000BC

I didnt gone to this site, but planning to explore more in the Veliambam Kotta. We know that area of NAdavayal Panamaram Bathery,Kalpetta and Mananthavady towns are populated even in 12th century AD, when most of present Kerala was under thick cover of forest.
And pulpally adds to to the pack now.

The findings:
A new prehistoric rock art site has been discovered at Kappikunnu near Pulppally in Wayanad district, the others being the Edakkal caves and Thovarimala, all in Wayanad.
The rock engravings bear a close resemblance to those on the walls of the Edakkal caves on Ambukuthy hills. Four figures ( one of two deer facing each other, and three abstract ones ) have been found engraved on a huge chunk of rock. Other lines on a smaller rock that could have dislodged itself from the main rock, resemble a headgear. The rocks were found in the precincts of the Sree Veliyambam Kotta Siva temple, an apsidal temple (semicircular or polygonal in shape) believed to have been built in the 12th century AD, inside the South Wayanad Forest Division.
The petroglyphs probably date back to the Neolithic period, Gira Gratier, a scholar from Belgium, told. Ms. Gratier, who was here as a part of her research project on the tribesmen of South India, visited the site after she was told of it by the local people. The site might be a ‘cosmic area’ where ancient people performed rites, she said.
The rock engravings might have been part of a huge structure in the past, she said. A recent exploration by the State Archaeology Department yielded a Neolithic celt from the area, K. Krishnaraj, Archaeology Department’s Officer in-charge of the Edakkal Caves, said.
The style of depiction of the anthropomorphic figure and some other figures at Edakkal resemble the figures at the new site.
He also said that a stone inscription from the 9-10 century AD related to the Jain faith was discovered from the area some years ago.





Sultan Bathery was previously known as Ganapathy Vattom because of the presence of the Ganapathy temple. I studied my Pre Degree in this town, which offered the only course in science at that time in Wayanad DT. I visited the Temple 2- 3 times only but felt the historical strenth there.

During the time of Kulashekara(an Indian dynasty ruling over parts of Kerala from 9th to 12th century) this place was the temple is situated was known as Purakizha. Some believe that the kings of Purakizha completed the construction of the temple. Later the temple was in the hands of the rulers of Kottayam It is believed that Tipu destroyed the Temple and used the stones for building a Fort. After that the name of the place was changed into Sultan Bathery. The remains or site of this fort is non exist now. Please note that this is must be an another fort,not the Jain temple as popularly believed by local people.

The chief deity is Ganapathi facing east. The Upadevatas are Baghavathi,Ayyappan, Nagaraja and Shiva. The temple flag is hoisted on the 15th of the Malayalam month of ‘Makaram’ and the temple festival is conducted for 6 days. To get plenty of rain, ‘Abhishekam with water’ was performed.

Unfortunatly I have no good photos of this temple in presently. Yhe location of The temple shows its importance and influences in Bathery town.

Legends and Myth:

This is a melancholy chapter to a Hindu who has faith in Ganapathi, son of Siva. When he sees that his image is mutilated and his temple ruined, he feels that divine beings with divine powers have, like human beings, their own seasons of adversity which they cannot avoid. An arrow from a huntsman’s bow was the immediate cause of Sri Krishna’s death or rather disappearance from the world and all must bow to fate, and the Ganapathi at whose shrine every inhabitant within a radius of about 12 miles prays, suffered the indignity of the mutilation of his idol which, as a visible and tangible symbol to the ignorant, had been placed in the temple to represent him.

Ganapathi Vattam the sphere of the Ganapathi, covered the amsams of Kidanganad, Nulpuzha and Nenmeni and when Tippu of Mysore overran the country, his troops destroyed the temple and mutilated the granite idol. The town then took the name of Sultan’s Battery and the Moslem town of that name sprung up at the time. In spite of these misfortunes, Ganapathi’s influence has not waned. The Wynadan Chetti, the Mulla Kurumben and the Pathiyan of the three villages named above still believe in him. They have their local godsand goddesses at their own centres but Ganapathi is the overlord who is propitiated by offerings at certain seasons of the year. Who knows whether Tippu Sultan did not suffer for the Blasphemy ? That he repented to a certain extent at least is proved by the grant of lands to the Temple free of tax, and this no doubt is a satisfaction. His career of destruction was brought to an end not very long after by the avenging Christian who was considerate in dealing with the Hindu faith and who confirmed and continued the Inam (free of assessment) grant of lands made by Tippu. The tolerant Hindu thanks both for this consideration. The legendary history of this temple is unknown, but its reputation as one of the famous temples of Wynad deserves at least this small note.